Perm Strategic Masterplan (PSM) is a flexible, long-term plan that has the ability to respond to change over time and covers a ranges of issues, topics and scales. One of the key purposes of the PSM is to set out strategic objectives and priorities as guiding principles to inform land use, structure, activity and spatial quality to name a few.
Key Projects are strategic case studies that are used to illustrate and detail the principles and concepts that have been devel¬oped as part of the masterplan. These projects are a crucial tool of the masterplan to illustrate the mechanism and success of the Strategic Masterplan as a whole.
Compact City. The concept compact city has been defined on many occasion by various scholars, in general terms it is a city of relatively high density and mixed use, that is based on an efficient public transport system that also includes and supports walking and cycling within its framework.
Connectivity. A city needs to be open and transparent, creating exceptionally permeable, interconnected city areas. Visual connection, legibility and orientation are as important here as establishing physical linkages. Also key is accessibility and creating low thresholds of public institution and public spaces.
Density. A dense city model has the advantage of a small ecological footprint and more efficient use of technical infrastructure network. It is a model that can lead to efficient land-use and mobility concepts. And has the advantage and potential of being a «walkable» city a concept that directly responds to the idea of connectivity.
One Sided. This concept reads Perm basically as a city, concentrated on one side of the river. The existing city centre will be densified and reinforced. The existing surfaces of built volume are consolidated. Expansion of the city outside its limits will be limited and the villages and other developments in the surroundings will be consolidated and also become clear borders and limits. The Kama Valley will turn into a park landscape in which minor concentrations of building-ensembles are allowed.
Two Sided. This concept concentrates on the extension of the city centre across the river, turning Perm from a city on the Kama river into a city where the Kama river flows through. Last but not least a considerable development in Kama Valley would demand more than one additional bridge, entailing huge investments.
Linear. This concept represents a linear development of the city along the South bank and in a less explicit way along the North bank of the Kama river.
Perm Agglomeration. This area is coincided with the administrative boundary of the city and includes all the peripheral settlements and centers.
Perm Metropolitan Area which has been framed by the Green Belt and outlines Perm as the city.
Perm City Centre. An area that has been framed by yet another green structural element, the Green Loop.
Perm Neighbourhoods. These are city districts situated directly around the Perm City Centre.
Perm Peripheral Areas. These centers still possess a strong link with the city of Perm but strategically should also develop urban centers of their own.
Red and Green Area Strategy. Basically this "red-green area" concept defines a "red area" zones, within which construction is allowed, a "green area" zones, where construction is prohibited.
The Green Belt. The Green Belt concept proposes a structural landscape element that is used to set out the border of Perm Metropolitan Area.
Long Lines and Radials. There are basically two types of long lines, the east-west long lines and north-south radials.