Perm is the most easterly city in Europe situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is the administrative centre of the Perm region. About half of the industrial potential of the Perm region is concentrated in the city.
Perm occupies 799.68 sq.km. It is the third largest Russian city after Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. As of January 1, 2007, the population is 990.2 thousand people. Perm is a major rail junction connecting Siberia and the Far East with the European part of the country.
Perm is located on the Kama river, the fifth largest river in Europe after the Volga, the Danube, the Ural and the Dnieper. The length of the Kama is 1805 km and it is the largest tributary of the Volga. More than 200 minor rivers flow into the Kama making it a major transport artery connecting the European part of Russia with Siberia.
Perm residents - Permyaks - call their region Prikamye (which means the area surrounding the Kama) in recognition of the river's role in their region's development.
The City of Perm was founded on May 17th, 1723 as a stronghold and a settling of workers of Yegoshikhinskiy copper-smelting plant at the place where the Yegoshikha river flows into the Kama. The founder of Perm is considered Vassily TATISCHEV, the head of the state mines and works, an ardent supporter of Peter the Great's reforms, an eminent scholar, geographer, economist, natural scientist and organizer of the mining industry. It was Tatischev who chose the place to build the plant. Based on his plans and drawings, the construction works on the Yegoshikha river started in the beginning of 1723. In 1780 Yegoshikhinskiy settling was chosen to be the best geographical place for the centre of a big area named Perm Region. This was the beginning of the town that was to grow up into a big industrial centre of Russia.
Perm is situated in the moderate-continental climate zone. The average temperature (following the long-years records) in January can range from - 15°C to -19°C, in July from +14°C to +18°C. The average rainfall: 450-600 millimetres.